MOTORWAVE Ltd
Renewable energies             Wave energy                              Wind energy               Solar energy           Carbon Market
                                        
                                                                                               STUDY OF GUAM

Population :160 000          workforce: 60 000        unemployed :15%     GDP  : 3.2 bn$     per capita : 21 000 US$  
Top height : 406 meters mount Lamlam.  Lowest : - 6000 meters .  Swell : 2.00 - 3.00 meters .(Guam
is suitable for Motorwave)
Winds : average 4.2 m/s   from 3.6 to 4.8 m/s .(except during hurricanes /thyphoon) .(Guam
is not suitable for traditional wind turbines)
Electricity annual production 800 million of kWh . The grid capacity is around 400 MW .
kWh retail price 2006 : 0.24 US$ for residential  0.305 US$ for commercial  and  0.31 US$ for government  .
Consumption: 5MWh/capita .
Annual diesel fuel (for electricity production) import 2005 : about  35 million gallons (approx 130 million US$) .

   For 1 square meter of turbines
Motorwind can generate .     









It will take 11 million square meter of turbines to cover 100% of Guam needs .   (about  150 million US$).

By using
Motorwave :   
Each motor will produce about 400 kW . It will then take about 700 Motors .(about 140 million US$).
It will cover about 30 square kilometers of sea .  


Guam being an old volcano ,there should be a natural site to make a reservoir (hydro dam)and store water for electricity production .

Most probably the best setting will be a mix of  Motorwave and Motorwind .  

Hydrogen production .
It takes 50 kWh to produce 1 kg of hydrogen gas .
One
Motorwave can produce approx 70 tons/year .
For a farm of  2000
Motorwave ( 90 square km  800 MW ) annual production = 140 000 tons .
The liquefaction of hydrogen will have to be made on solid ground at the beginning .
The cold necessary water (4 degrees )  will have to be pumped from deep sea (approx 3000 meter ) with an underwater flexible hose of approx
10 km .To pose a fixed solid underwater pipeline of such length poses too much technical problems .
Calculations need to be made on the negative calories cost .  At the beginning we might need to use Motorwave or Motorwind instead of
cold water.

For a team of 100 people it takes two days to manufacture one
Motorwave .
It will then take about 11 years to complete 2000
Motorwave .
Production can be speedup up by increasing the staff number to about 1 machine every day .

If the first application is supply of electricity to Guam then part of the financing will come from the reduction of oil purchase.
It should take approx 2 year to build a mix of Motorwave and Motorwind to cover the electricity needs (200MW).
After that all capacity will be used for hydrogen production and export.
Hydrogen production and local electricity consumption can be easily regulated ,with local consumption being the first priority.
The kWh could be reduced to final consumers to a reasonable 0.15 US$.









   Timing  

1)
     Visit and Identification of a proper site . 2 to 4  weeks  . Guam
     A) location for Motorwave
     B) location for Motorwind
     C) location of reservoir
     D) location of power plant
     E) location of workshop
     F) location for assembly line
     G) location for hydrogen production plant .
     H)location of hydrogen storage .
      I) blueprint drawing   

2)
    Building of a scale one Motorwave and testing . 3 months . Hong Kong
    Definition of the final design .

3)
     Purchase of materials (china) for a first stage of 100 Motorwave(40MW) and 100 000 square meter of Motorwind (2 MW),
     generators ,pipes ,other equipments    and shipment . 3 months
     Organization of factory/workshop in Guam .
     Assembling site .
     Staff recruitment for manufacturing ,installation ,building .Including 1 architect and 2 mechanical engineers .
     Building of reservoir and piping .
     Building of power plant (hydro dam) .

4)
     Manufacturing start of Motorwave and installation .2 months.

5)
     purchase of material for hydrogen an storage plant . 2 months

6)
     Building of hydrogen plant and storage plant . 4 months .





































                                                         
Study by the council of sustainable energy for small islands

conclusion of this study point out that most of the experiences in renewable energy on islands have failed because the machines being imported
from abroad ,the locals can not handle the maintenance and maintenance team from manufacturers are not easily available.
This problem is solved by manufacturing locally.
Physical Properties of hydrogen

Molecular Weight: 2.016
Boiling Point @ 1 atm: -423.0°F (-252.8°C, 20oK)
Freezing Point @ 1 atm: -434.5°F (-259.2°C, 14oK)
Critical Temperature: -399.8°F (-239.9°C)
Critical Pressure: 188 psia (12.9 atm)
Density, Liquid @ B.P., 1 atm: 4.23 lb./cu.ft.
Density, Gas @ 68°F (20°C), 1 atm: 0.005229 lb./cu.ft.
Specific Gravity, Gas (Air = 1) @ 68°F (20°C), 1 atm: 0.0696
Specific Gravity, Liquid @ B.P., 1 atm: 0.0710
Specific Volume @ 68°F (20°C), 1 atm: 192 cu. ft./lb.
Latent Heat of Vaporization: 389 Btu/lb. mole
Flammable Limits @ 1 atm in air 4.00%: -74.2% (by Volume)
Flammable Limits @ 1 atm in oxygen 4.65%: -93.9% (by Volume)
Detonable Limits @ 1 atm in air 18.2%: -58.9% (by Volume)
Detonable Limits @ 1 atm in oxygen 15%: -90% (by Volume)
Autoignition Temperature @ 1 atm: 1060°F (571°C)
Expansion Ratio, Liquid to Gas, B.P. to 68°F (20°C): 1 to 848
  Shipping specifications

Small-size Gas Car.: 3 - 8,000 cbm
Med.-size Gas Car.: 20 - 40,000 cbm
Large-size Gas Car.: 60 - 80, 000 cbm
VLGC/LNG Car.: 100 - 180,000 cbm


1 CBM of liquid hydrogen weights 70 kg .
One      8 000 CBM cargo ship can load :     560 tons of liquid hydrogen
One   40 000 CBM cargo ship                   :  2 800 tons of liquid hydrogen
One   80 000 CBM cargo ship                   :  5 600 tons of liquid hydrogen
One 180 000 CBM cargo ship                   :12 600 tons of liquid hydrogen
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1.18
4.00
9.50
18.50
32.00
50.50
75.80
108.00
148.00
Wind in m/s
Power in watts
Renewable energy on small island pdf file